SHUTTER SPEED

What is Shutter speed ?

Shutter speed refers to how quickly or slowly a camera’s shutter opens and closes, determining the amount of light that enters when taking a photo. It is measured in milliseconds to minutes, with faster speeds allowing less light and slower speeds allowing more. Long exposures risk overexposure, while fast speeds may result in dark images. Shutter speeds are denoted in fractions of a second (e.g., 1/250 is one two-hundred-fiftieth of a second), and smaller numbers indicate faster speeds. Slow speeds, measured in whole seconds, create a shallow depth of field. Motion blur may occur with slow speeds, particularly when capturing moving subjects.

These speeds are measured in fractions of a second. ½ means “one half of a second,” while 1/250 means “one two-hundred-fiftieth of a second.” The smaller the number (the higher the denominator), the faster the shutter speed. Conversely, the higher the number, like whole numbers from 1 to 30 seconds, are considered slow shutter speeds.

aijessy_Low_aperture_setting_city_skyline_at_night_long_exposur

shutter speed
shutter speed
What is Overexposure in Photography & How to Fix It (studiobinder.com)

What is Short and Long Exposures?

Short and long exposures refer to the duration for which a camera’s shutter is open when taking a photograph. Understanding these concepts is crucial in photography as they significantly influence the outcome of an image.

  1. Short Exposure:
  • Also known as a fast shutter speed, a short exposure occurs when the camera’s shutter is open for a very brief period.
  • This results in a quick capture of the scene, allowing less light to enter the camera.
  • Short exposures are measured in fractions of a second, such as 1/500 or 1/1000. The smaller the fraction, the faster the shutter speed.
  • Advantages:
    • Freeze fast-moving subjects: Short exposures are ideal for capturing action without motion blur. They’re great for sports photography or any situation where you want to freeze a moment in time.
    • Reduce camera shake: Fast shutter speeds minimize the impact of camera shake, resulting in sharper images.
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Mike tyson boxing with evander holyfield, freeze frame, sport action photography, close-up, dramatic angle, cinematic color –ar 2:1 –v 5.2

  1. Long Exposure:
  • Also referred to as a slow shutter speed, a long exposure involves keeping the shutter open for an extended period.
  • This allows more light to reach the camera sensor, making it suitable for low-light conditions or creative effects.
  • Long exposures are measured in whole seconds, such as 1, 5, or 30 seconds. The larger the number, the slower the shutter speed.
  • Advantages:
    • Capture low-light scenes: Long exposures are effective in low-light situations, such as night photography, where more light is needed for a proper exposure.
    • Create motion blur: intentional blurring of moving elements in a scene, such as flowing water or the light trails of moving vehicles.
aijessy_Mike_tyson_boxing_with_evander_holyfieldmotion_blur

Mike tyson boxing with evander holyfield,motion blur::4 , close-up, dramatic angle,ISO 100, 85mm, 3 second exposure time, –ar 2:1 –v 5.2

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Shattered glass, FREEZE FRAME, a tattooed african-american roller derby diva smashing headfirst through fiery glass, explosive glass shards everywhere, extreme perspective, cinematic composition, subsurface scattering, dappled neon lights, elliptical lens flare, moody lighting

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Shattered glass, MOTION BLUR, MULTIPLE EXPOSURE, TIME LAPSE, a tattooed african-american roller derby diva smashing headfirst through fiery glass, explosive glass shards everywhere, extreme perspective, cinematic composition, subsurface scattering, dappled neon lights, elliptical lens flare, moody lighting

aijessy_EAGLE_CATCHING_FISH_IN_WATER_SUPER_SHARP_FOCUS_FREEZE

Eagle catching fish in water, SUPER SHARP FOCUS, FREEZE FRAME, SHALLOW DEPTH OF FIELD, NAT GEO, dappled light, extreme realism, cinematic color, cinematic angle –ar 2:1 –stylize 750 –v 5.2

aijessy_EXTREME_BLUR_MULTIPLE_EXPOSURE_EAGLE_CATCHING_FISH

Extreme blur, MULTIPLE EXPOSURE, eagle catching fish in water, MOTION BLUR, TIME LAPSE, golden hour, extreme realism, cinematic color, cinematic angle –ar 2:1 –seed 3827441425 –stylize 750 –v 5.2

Understanding when to use short or long exposures depends on the specific goals of the photographer and the characteristics of the scene being captured. Experimenting with different shutter speeds allows photographers to achieve various creative effects and adapt to different lighting conditions.